The history of Argentina’s flag, which dates back to 1812, is wrapped in a curious mix of revolutionary fighting for independence from Spain and Incan sun worship. Early conquistadors named the country Argentina after the Latin word Argentinum, meaning silver, thinking that the region contained vast amounts of the precious metal.
The Argentine flag has three horizontal bands; the top and bottom ones are light blue, and the middle is white. The blue bands may represent the sky, the waters of Argentina’s Rio de la Plata, or the blue used by the Spanish royal house of Bourbon on their coat of arms.
The Moors established Muslim rule throughout the south, reigning up through the Middle Ages.
The feuding Christian kingdoms of Aragon, Castile, Navarre and Leon eventually united, waging war against the Moors and expelling them completely in 1469.
Most of the country consists of gently rolling plains interrupted by two ridges of low hills.